Are Ecuador's plans to leave oil under the Amazon a new model for tackling climate change?
Source: BI-ME , Author: BI-ME staff
Posted: Fri October 23, 2009 5:42 pm
china wholesale market

INTERNATIONAL. While the world’s attention may be fixed on Copenhagen, it is in Ecuador that one of the boldest new measures yet taken by a government to combat climate change has been announced.

In a paper published today in Biotropica, experts assess the Yasuní-ITT initiative which aims to prevent millions of tons of carbon emissions from entering the atmosphere by not drilling for oil in the Amazon rainforest.  

The Yasuní-ITT initiative is a project launched by the Ecuadorian government which pledges to leave the estimated 850 million barrels of oil locked beneath the renowned Yasuní National Park despite the oil concessions which cover the region.

“This is the first ever offer by a government to forego oil development as a strategy to address climate change,” said Dr Matt Finer from Save America’s Forests. “According to Ecuadorian official estimates not exploiting the oil fields will keep 410 million metric tons of C02 out of the atmosphere. It’s a novel concept that not developing fossil fuels could be used as a tool to address climate change.”

“Yasuní National Park is an exceptional place in the world, biologically incredible, home to uncontacted indigenous people and yet, perhaps tragically, full of oil,” said co-author Dr Clinton Jenkins of the University of Maryland. “This initiative leaves society facing a test of what we value more, drilling for oil or preserving a cherished national park.”

The team also investigates the economic complexities underpinning the potentially precedent-setting initiative. The Ecuadorian economy is highly dependent on oil exports and this initiative will result in a yearly shortfall estimated to be $350 million.

“Ecuador intends to cover this by selling guarantee certificates linked to the value of unreleased carbon,” said co-author Remi Moncel of the World Resources Institute, “However, emissions could result from oil buyers turning to other suppliers.

Also, if the certificates are traded on the European Union’s carbon credits market, the initiative would not result in a net reduction of carbon emissions.”

The alternative is for supporting countries to donate to the initiative directly without claiming a carbon credit to pollute in return.

“The initiative’s trust fund will be activated by early November and will be backed by the United Nations Development Programme,” added Finer.

 “Germany will be the first to make a contribution, reported to be US$50 to US$70 million per year.

 This is to be followed by a world tour of high-level officials, including President Correa, who will be visiting London on the 27th October. This demonstrates how seriously the government of Ecuador is taking this initiative.”

 

 

 

MIDDLE EAST BUSINESS COMMENT & ANALYSIS

date:Posted: August 28, 2015
INTERNATIONAL. Suspected anchors on the gold price, such as an interest rate increase and devaluation of the yuan, could actually be a rallying cry for commodities, he says in this interview with The Gold Report.
date:Posted: August 28, 2015
INTERNATIONAL. The Turkish Football Federation in a demonstration of the inseparable ties between sports and politics, has effectively declared its support for renewed Turkish-Kurdish hostilities.
date:Posted: August 28, 2015
INTERNATIONAL. "Now, that multi-trillion-dollar money-pumping bubble, which overinflated equity markets, is quickly deflating. And so, too, are the economies and commodities pumped up with it."
INTERNATIONAL. Leaving them to their own devices is no longer a viable option as the continuation of the conflict is hazardous and potentially explosive. The resumption of bilateral peace negotiations with US mediation alone will not succeed any more than the Obama administration's two previous efforts.
dhgate