INTERNATIONAL. Gold prices continue to climb and John Licata, chief commodity strategist at Blue Phoenix Inc., says he sees reason to be optimistic about gold's future.
In this exclusive interview with The Gold Report, John says that as inflationary pressures present themselves, gold prices will continue their upward move. He also sees silver, platinum and palladium as interesting plays for investors.
The Gold Report: The price of gold is around US$1,100. Last year you were saying the best buying opportunities were in the US$850 range. Are you still recommending gold to investors?
John Licata: Yes I am. Wall Street has thrown the kitchen sink at gold, and for all intents and purposes gold could have fallen below US$800 per troy ounce with the rally in the U.S. dollar and overall stock market. Yet gold maintained its resiliency and showed it can act independently of foreign exchange movements.
That has me very constructive on the outlook for the yellow metal. We're still holding on to US$1,100—and I continue to maintain US$1,375 as my target on gold for the rest of the year. Gold can benefit from increased geopolitical risk.
Also inflationary pressures will start to reveal themselves later in the year. That will continue, especially in 2011 from various stimulus packages being unveiled or implemented over the next few quarters.
More and more, gold prices will be considered a currency in its own right. With that said, I think it's going to replace the US dollar as the ultimate hedge in terms of risk.
Gold prices can continue to move higher, and US$1,375 is just another stop on a train that I've been looking at for many years. That train has a long way to travel, but US$1,375 is a level I'm very comfortable sticking with through this year.
TGR: If gold should really be trading at US$800, why are you putting a US$1,375 target on it?
JL: I don't think it should be US$800, but that's what the market was suggesting. The market threw everything at gold. The price of the euro-dollar cross deteriorated, and yet gold held its ground.
You heard about less risk of inflation, and yet gold held its ground. Nothing that the marketplace has thrown at it, including the stock rally, has taken gold prices down. If you were a seller of gold, you had your chances to take gold back down to US$800 and now those chances are gone, in my view.
The fact that gold held its ground makes me think that, when the economy starts to show signs of life again—and I do see signs of inflation contrary to many indicators out there—gold prices will actually see a much bigger rise. Geopolitical factors will play a role, as well. Some nations don't view the dollar as that global safe haven.
A lot foreign exchange companies that have predominantly jumped on the dollar bandwagon think that the Fed is not going to raise rates anytime soon. If that's the case, then maybe gold is more attractive; and I firmly believe that gold is.
TGR: You've said you expect to see a market rally in third quarter 2010 or fourth quarter 2010 as the unemployment rate potentially goes down. If there is a market rally and unemployment goes down, are you inferring that gold will go up because we'll start to see inflation or because we have a market rally? In other words, what's going to cause gold to rise?
JL: Gold will rise as more inflationary pressures present themselves. Only 40% of the stimulus package has actually been allocated.
There will be a lot more government money allocated to various economies in the middle, and toward the end, of the year. We can see a lot of inflation—and not only here in the United States.
Globally, we're still trying to figure out what's happening from the sovereign debt perspective. If we keep throwing so much stimulus into reviving economies around the world, then "hyperinflation" is a term that we'll be really comfortable using in 2011.
Because I mentioned sovereign debt, we have to talk about Greece and how that situation could spill over into Portugal, or perhaps even Italy. Yet we have our own problems here in the US, with California perhaps coming up with a default of US$20 billion.
That's another catalyst for gold—the fact that sovereign debt issues are being magnified right before our eyes even here at home.
TGR: Some analysts who recommend precious metals have actually talked about a complete collapse of the dollar. Do you see anything like that happening?
JL: I don't know about a total collapse of the US dollar. Look at the action we've seen in the dollar over the past year. If anything, I was concerned with a total collapse of the euro.
There were some conversations about perhaps buying the euro on eBay someday. I don't think that'll ever happen; but, if there was a total collapse, it would happen to a non-U.S. dollar-denominated asset.
I don't think the dollar is going to completely collapse. We still have a very resilient economy. Look at where we've been in the stock market just in the last year. I definitely want to point out that I don't mean the stock market is a sole pointer of confidence, but I do think the stock market is forward-thinking.
What we've seen in the US has definitely been more proactive than what we've seen in many other countries.
The length of time it's taken Europe to hash out a plan to save Greece has been a confidence deterrent—and the potential fallout from that is still unknown. That said, I don't see the USD being the currency to get kicked out of any basket. A basket of currencies is something that could be discussed in the future.
OPEC has actually talked about a basket of currencies for years so crude oil doesn't have to be tied to the USD.
TGR: You've recommended investors hold physical gold rather than equities, as the latter tends to underperform the underlying commodity. Do you still prefer physical gold to equities?
JL: I do. There are some opportunities within the gold space that are intriguing still. A name that comes to mind that we've talked about in the past, and that I continue to be enthusiastic about, is NovaGold. Just recently, they secured funding by Soros, as well as Paulson & Co.
That's a testament to the management and what they're doing up north in Canada. Some of their individual assets are fantastic in their own right; but collectively they represent a very bright future for this company. For investors looking to play junior companies that have extremely bright futures, NovaGold might be the name to play.
TGR: Any other gold equities that you find attractive right now?
JL: Goldcorp is still very interesting, as is Yamana And I do like other metals, such as platinum and palladium. Some of those names we've mentioned in the past, such as Stillwater Mining, still has a lot of leg.
TGR: When you look at gold equities—or any other metals companies—what sorts of things do you look for specifically? Is management a big thing? Do you look at whether these companies do a lot of exploration? What are your criteria for choosing such companies?
JL: No matter what area, management credibility is definitely at the top of the list. Geography is also a major consideration. Investors shouldn't jump into areas that might be politically unstable.
Government friendliness toward foreign companies mining their land for economic gain is extremely important, as well. Companies that have great relationships with foreign governments are definitely high on my list.
Low debt is something that isn't often discussed when considering metals companies; so when you find those companies, you kind of embrace them because they'd have an easier time raising capital if they did find something.
Those are the main areas to look at—that and a breakdown of what they're actually finding. Are they simply a gold player? Or are they a gold player that is a silver story? Sometimes investors get confused by the company names; they think that the word "gold" in a company's name implies that it mines only gold.
TGR: Back in February you were optimistic about a metal called indium (see Blue Phoenix posting). Can you tell our readers about this metal and your take on the indium market?
JL: Indium is a fascinating under-the-radar minor metal that, in my opinion, could be major. Its uses are completely varied. It's used in flat panel LCD screens, plasma TVs, cell phones, computer monitors, cameras, touch screens and new tablets like the new Apple iPad. It could be used in leading-edge thin-film solar PV cell technology.
The price of the indium recently traded a little closer to $600 per kilogram. That's the highest level since October 2008. And there's been speculation that China's been building the reserves of strategically important minor metals such as indium. So I do believe that indium can be a major metal to be on the watch list.
Paul Otellini, the CEO of Intel, has been quoted saying that, by 2017, the silicone processor will be replaced by possibly an indium-based compound that is actually faster than silicone. It uses less power than silicone. It's much more efficient at processing 3D graphics, which many electronic devices are moving toward. Indium is going to be a great story in the future.
TGR: Are there specific indium companies that you're watching right now?
JL: Unlike many other metals in the marketplace, there aren't many companies that are specifically indium-focused. It's usually something that develops when they're looking for gold or silver, or they just happen to come across indium. It kind of resembles zinc. It's a metal that could become a scarce resource over the next decade due to increased usage.
I typically don't write about micro caps, but there's a small company called Argentex Mining that has some really interesting properties in the southern Argentine province of Santa Cruz. It's a very interesting play but, other than Argentex, there aren't many indium-specific companies in the marketplace—at least not yet.
TGR: Where is indium being found? In specific geographic areas or worldwide?
JL: It's not worldwide. There is some indium in Argentina, as I mentioned. China has one of the largest indium resources; Russia has some, too. Those are the biggest sources. The US does not produce any indium whatsoever.
TGR: In the past, you've been bullish on platinum and palladium. Do you still think those are good plays for investors?
JL: I am and, being that I am so bullish on gold, I think that platinum and palladium are platinum group metals (PGMs) that will not only ride the coattails of the gold market strength but also establish themselves as unique metal plays.
Recent launches of ETFs on those metals show that investors are gaining more confidence in them as individual metals—rather than metals used solely by automakers for catalytic converters.
Both metals are also starting to see more use in jewelry, especially in Asia. Palladium is so much cheaper than gold. You can imagine that's definitely resonating with the youth in Asia. They can get something that looks like platinum but is actually much cheaper.
TGR: What about platinum and palladium companies?
JL: I'm still a very big fan of Anglo American PLC (OTCBB:AAUKY). I like Lonmin (OTCBB:LNMIY). And, as I mentioned earlier, Stillwater Mining is a company I've mentioned in the past and still feel enthusiastic about.
One thing investors should keep in mind is that Stillwater's contract with Ford Motor Company will expire at the end of 2010. There's been some talk that the floor prices they have in those contracts are going to go away.
Even if Ford does renew the contracts, it has no floor prices. That has helped the stock in the past because it's made Wall Street much more comfortable with revenue targets. If those floor prices do go away, investors may look to ring the register on that name.
Regardless, I like the company longer term and believe there could be many buyers looking for the company's platinum and palladium sources in the open marketplace.
TGR: You said that geographic factors were very important in choosing gold equities. Do you feel the same way about companies in the platinum and palladium sectors?
JL: If you're looking at commodities, you have to. That concept goes across the entire spectrum.
TGR: Regardless of what business they're in?
JL: It doesn't matter if it's energy, metals or bottling Coca-Cola. If a company's not in a geographically and politically sound area, investors should think twice about investing in it.
TGR: You mentioned platinum and palladium were going to increase as gold takes off. What do you think about silver?
JL: In my opinion, silver has been gold's evil stepchild for years. And I continue to view silver as an overlooked commodity. Uses of silver continue to increase, and I like the prospects of the metal very much. Right now, platinum and palladium are the sexy metals, so to speak, because the ETF is new. However, I think silver prices will surge above US$20 by year's end or in 2011.
TGR: Are you following any silver juniors?
JL: Sure. I have been keeping tabs on silver-focused names such as Hecla Mining, Ivanhoe Mines Ltd. or Pan American Silver Corp.
The volatility created by these ETFs is historically known to take the price of futures higher.
You can apply that to crude oil, natural gas, gold or silver. Platinum and palladium are the new kids on the block that will benefit from the same concept. One of the reasons the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) is looking to curb speculation is because it is a major driver of commodities these days.
Recently, a trader told me that if the CFTC puts regulations in place and limits the amount of contracts individual firms can trade, it might actually do more harm than good.
That's because more violent price swings can actually take place if there's less volume. It was interesting to hear a trader say that. It makes me think that, as much as these ETFs seem like a blessing from above, they're probably one of the worst things to happen to the commodities market.
TGR: Given what you've said, do you anticipate government regulations on these ETFs; and, if so, in what timeframe?
JL: Government has too much on its plate right now to handle everything at once. In a month's time, we'll be talking about the CFTC regulations on energy and metals. So I don't necessarily think ETFs are right at the forefront of new legislation, but I do think it's something we'll hear about in the near future.
There's so much happening on the regulatory side in terms of energy prices and metals; concentration needs to be focused. As we saw with the healthcare plan, you can only do one thing at a time.
TGR: Of course. Thanks so much for your time, John.
Note: John J. Licata is chief commodity strategist at Blue Phoenix, Inc., an energy/metals independent research and consulting firm based in New York City. He has appeared regularly in the media (CNBC, Bloomberg TV/Radio, Business News Network, Barron's, etc.) over the years for his insights/forecasts in the commodity spectrum.
After studying economics and graduating from Saint Peter's College (where he received the Wall Street Journal Award for economic excellence), Licata set his sights on Wall Street.
During his more than 14-year career, John has held both trading and research positions on the NYMEX, Dow Jones, Smith Barney and Brokerage America.
Early in 2005, he founded Blue Phoenix. John is presently in the EMBA program at New York University's Stern School of Business. You can follow John on Twitter and LinkedIn.
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